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2020

red cedar vs white cedar

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You can even put nails or screws directly into either kind of cedar without causing any problems. One of the most common uses of cedar is for roofing, which offers a unique look for the exterior or a home. Western red cedar, the cedar we are going to focus on in this article, unless stained a different color, naturally has a yellow undertone. That means you save because getting the lumber here isn’t as expensive. I don't know how common Eastern red is as a commercial species. Western red cedar is slightly stronger. After deciding whether you want western red cedar shingles or eastern white cedar shingles, what color paint or stain, you need to decide what grade of cedar shingle you would like. They can both air dry, and they both contain natural oils that make them resistant to insects, rotting, mold, and warping. The Eastern Red Cedar is much shorter overall than the Western Red Cedar, typically being between 16 to 66 feet tall (5 to 20 m) with a trunk between 12 to 39 inches (30 to 100 cm) in diameter. One bidder recommends Western Red Cedar over white cedar, despite a slight additional cost, because he says the white cedar has been warping more than the Western Red Cedar this year. Northern white cedars are identified by their soft feathery foliage with scale-like flat leaves, creating a fan shape on branches. Red cedar, coming mainly from the Pacific Northwest, has long been considered the more high-end shingle material. Cedar, depending on the type of cedar used, can have a yellow, red, or white appearance in color. Fast drying time: Once a western red cedar is cut down, it dries quickly and experiences little shrinkage. Due to the environment that it grows in, it does not have the opportunity to build up a resistance to rot and decay. About the only thing I have seen is cedar closet lining as it has a very aromatic wood. Northern white-cedar is a slow growing native North American boreal tree with the scientific name Thuja occidentalis. The oils found in eastern white cedar are considerably stronger and can last up to a decade longer. If you care about protecting the environment, you should try to purchase the kind of wood that is closer to your area. Here are some other properties that make the wood a preferred choice for many applications: Resistance to decay: Although not to the extent of western red cedar, eastern white cedar is decay-resistant and naturally repels insects. The Pressures on Treated Wood - Recent studies & alternative materials deliver some hard knocks Cedars are part of the genus Cedrus, while arbor-vitae are of the Thuja genus. Redwood, on the other hand, has – big shocker here – a more reddish-brown hue. If you don’t particularly like this look you can still use red cedar without flared ends. Our inspectors' expertise allows them to discover not just the obvious deficiencies, but also the less obvious ones that could eventually lead to major issues and perhaps even premature roof failure. After deciding whether you want western red cedar shingles or eastern white cedar shingles, what color paint or stain, you need to decide what grade of cedar shingle you would like. Both can take oils, paints, and coatings with ease, giving you enormous versatility when it comes to decoration and protection for your fence investment. Red cedar is slightly stronger than white cedar. Eco-friendliness: Western red cedar shingles are overall more eco-friendly and energy-efficient than eastern white cedar. Western red cedar, the cedar we are going to focus on in this article, unless stained a different color, naturally has a yellow undertone. You can rest assured that your project contains only Ontario- grown, forested and milled white cedar that is long lasting and environmentally-wise. The Janka scale ranks all wood for hardness, with a higher number correlating with a harder wood. It’s less prone to knotting. These trees … White cedar fences typically last longer than red cedar fences do, often as much as 10 years longer. For that reason, through much of history, white cedar was the preferred choice for building watercraft like canoes and weather-tolerant fences. The decay-fighting chemicals are in the greatest abundance in the tree's heartwood, the dense wood near the center of the trunk, and much less so in the sapwood in the outer part of the trunk. Pacifica, which replicates the look of freshly cut western red cedar, is a natural fit for Craftsman-inspired homes. Elegant aging: If exposed to the elements, white cedar quickly turns an attractive gray, which adds more visual interest. This nursery-derived version of the white-cedar is prized for the unique flat and filigree sprays made up of … Northern white-cedar is a slow growing native North American boreal tree with the scientific name Thuja occidentalis. If you like this type of look and feel for your home, western red cedar may be the best type of timber for your home. Western Red Cedar is also known for their flared butt ends that offers a unique character to many log homes both inside and outside. Some are deep brown, whereas others are light yellow-gold. Both western red and eastern white cedars are moderately soft, lightweight woods that don't shrink much. © 2017 All Rights Reserved. A huge part of Eastern White Cedar's attractiveness when used to make shingles is tied to its cell structure and even grain pattern. CEDAR ROOF COATINGS, llc. Avoiding knots is mainly a matter of avoiding those that will create holes. Both are beautiful but if you plan to use a tinted stain, you might want to go with cedar. It is much weaker than Eastern red cedar; specific gravity (SG) is 0.31, versus 0.47 for red. Both red and white cedar are used for siding materials, but there are differences between the two species. region 35 30 Mountain cedar isn't red in the center. Red Cedar is a larger tree than White Cedar. Its versatility is one of the most appealing aspects of western red cedar. Both are beautiful but if you plan to use a tinted stain, you might want to go with cedar. Illustration by Mike Del Rizzo Eastern White Cedar (Thuja occidentalis) & Western Red Cedar (Thuja plicata) What we commonly refer to as cedars are really not "true" cedars but arbor-vitae – the tree of life. Native to and primarily grown in British Colombia, Washington and Oregon, this slow-growth timber thrives in the cool, wet and shady environments of the Pacific Northwest forests. They offer many of the same benefits. Here at The Fence & Deck Store we are asked this question on almost a daily basis, which is better, red or white cedar? This means that white cedar tends to have more knots than red cedar, since the knots form where side branches come out of the trunk. Cedar wood fences tend to last longer than pressure treated pine board fences. Red Cedar: Red cedar wood fence is a great option for privacy wooden fences that do not touch the ground. Unlike the closely related western red cedar (Thuja plicata), northern white cedar is only a small or medium-sized tree, growing to a height of 15 m (49 ft) tall with a 0.9 m (3.0 ft) trunk diameter, exceptionally to 38 metres (125 ft) tall and 1.8 metres (5.9 ft) diameter. However, it is also important to note that white cedar roofing shingles are available as well. Fir, Rocky Mt. Eastern white cedar is sustainably harvested and long-lived, making it an excellent roofing material. Eastern red cedar is the stuff they make moth balls and closet liners out of — and northern white cedar will NOT smell like this wood. We perform an in-depth inspection of your roof to determine the level of care it requires. However, the good news is one can prevent knots with thorough inspection. What is the difference between Red Cedar, Yellow Cedar and White Cedar: These three seemingly similar species of coniferous softwoods are all native to North America only, but differ in may ways. Native to and primarily grown in British Colombia, Washington and Oregon, this slow-growth timber thrives in the cool, wet and shady environments of the Pacific Northwest forests. We’re a little bias towards white cedar and our customers love the cedar fences we build! Yellow pine earns an 870, while cedar comes in at an even 900. Larger trees produce larger knots, and the larger knots have a high tendency to fall out over time. White Pine has less than red pine but more than the cedar. Because red cedar isn’t a lumber located near our area, you would end up paying a lot more for a red cedar fence because of the additional shipping costs. Its abundance and properties make the species popular across the country. It's also important to consider the impact your choice will have on the environment. Versatility: It can be used to make a project more contemporary or traditional, depending on the project's design and the character of the wood. Other common names: Arborvitae, Cedar, Eastern Arborvitae, Eastern Thuja, Northern White Cedar French names: Thuya occidental Family: Cypress Family (Cupressaceae) Distinctive features: Tree, Shrub Similar species: • Eastern Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana) - similar only in name, different appearance. Both are beautiful in their own right, but if you’re planning to use a tinted stain or paint your deck or timbers you might want to go with cedar because it co… It is also one of the longest-living North American softwood trees. White cedar shingles have long been a popular choice for roofing. This is in part because of the unique cellular composition of the red shingles that captures tiny air pockets and enhances its insulation capabilities. Red cedar shingles are another option for roofing purposes. We provide professionalism and high-quality workmanship at a reasonable price. After 40 years, Western Red Cedar continues to prove itself to be the ideal choice for fences and other outdoor structures. Knots in wooden fences are common. In addition to roofing, western red cedar is also used for the following applications: Ornamental trees: Western red cedar is often cultivated as ornamental trees, and to a lesser extent for hedges and screens. This report will also provide estimates for the recommended repairs. Overall, I would like to give the job to the supplier who only deals with white cedar, even though he is not the absolute lowest cost, for reasons other than cost. Yellow pine earns an 870, while cedar comes in at an even 900. It costs less and has a lighter natural color making it easier to stain. In addition to its healing capabilities, eastern white cedar has a lower density than other types of cedar and does a good job in environments where it's exposed to soil and water. Dawn Hammon. There are many reasons why using cedar lumber is better than using pressure-treated wood. If you're planning to install cedar roofing or siding, western red and eastern white will often be the two options available to you. I do not have a strong aesthetic preference for Western Red Cedar vs. white cedar. Eastern red cedar is the same thing as aromatic cedar. Not only does this mean you can easily customize your white cedar roof to match the rest of your house, but the stain or paint you put on the shingles will help protect them from the elements. Ancient specimens of northern white-cedar, exceeding 1,000 years in age, grow scraggly and tough from cliffs edging Lake Superior. Northern white cedar (Thuja occidentalis) is an excellent wood and has been used for lumber, especially in Maine. Both will turn a silver-gray in appearance over time if not periodically sealed or stained. They’re both extremely attractive, pleasing to the eye and to the nose. Canoe builders use the wood to fashion their boats. This is, however, where the similarities between red cedar and white cedar end. It's not recommended that you plant red cedar in your landscape if you are already cultivating any of these fruit trees. The rating for white pine, one of the most common varieties, is 420. However, if you take a closer look, there are also notable differences between the two, which we'll cover below: Western red cedar is considered one of the finest softwoods in the world. Chests and closets: The strong aromatic oils of Western red cedar are thought to deter carpet beetles and moth larvae, which are known to eat natural fibers like wool. Eastern White Cedar is a close relative of Western red cedar, genetically speaking. Installing Fences in the Milwaukee, WI Area for 35 Years! We won't simply recommend that you replace it — if we can save you money by performing a roof restoration, that is what we'll recommend. Its pale color makes it appealing — it takes almost any stain, bleach or paint, meaning you can easily customize it to suit your project perfectly. However, knotting can be handled with inspection. Customizability: The wood's dense, fine texture provides a neutral, uniform color and tone. The Western Red Cedar is also quite long-lived, with some members of … We install fences in Milwaukee and surrounding cities including: Random Lake, West Bend, Saukville, Port Washington, Jackson, Grafton, Cedarburg, Delafield, Richfield, Germantown, Oconomowoc, Hartland, Menomonee Falls, Bayside, Fox Point, Whitefish Bay, Shorewood, and Wauwatosa. OUR FENCES LAST LONGER BECAUSE WE MILL OUR OWN WOOD! Juniperus virginiana, known as red cedar, eastern redcedar, Virginian juniper, eastern juniper, red juniper, pencil cedar, and aromatic cedar, is a species of juniper native to eastern North America from southeastern Canada to the Gulf of Mexico and east of the Great Plains. White cedar and red cedar are not noted as particularly strong woods. A fence is a considerable investment and it should last as long as possible. This increased sapwood portion increases its susceptibility to disease and decay. Cedar. Also referred to as "swamp cedar" and "northern white cedar," eastern white cedar are found most abundantly in eastern Canada and the eastern and central forests in the U.S. Straight grain: The species features a straight grain texture, making it perfect for most kinds of building projects, including shingles, siding, decks and furniture. Western Red Cedar is also known for their flared butt ends that offers a unique character to many log homes both inside and outside. Northern white cedar resists decay and insect infestation like its western red cousin, making it similarly suitable for outdoor projects, such as shingles, posts, and decking. However, because eastern white cedar is also more fibrous, it's more prone to cracking and splitting — perhaps even during the installation. Cedar, eastern red 37 33 Cedar, northern white 28 22 Cedar, southern white 26 23 Cedar, western red 27 23 Cherry, black 45 35 Chestnut 55 30 Cottonwood, eastern 49 28 Cottonwood, northern blk. One significant difference between the two cedar species is the oils they contain, which affects their rot resistance and lifespan. Both woods are nice because they aren’t prone to splintering and cracking. Cedar is a stable wood fence material, that does not warp, shrink or check. In the 1500s, Jacques Cartier, a French explorer, wrote about a miraculous tree called "arborvitae," which the native Iroquois and Wabanakis showed him. Or Eastern Red Cedar (aka Aromatic Cedar) is another one it could be and the only Cedar I’ve known to have the “eastern” name in it. If you would like a quote for an inspection. The bark was used to make blankets, clothing, baskets and rope, and the logs were used for canoes, masks, community longhouses and intricate totem poles. In addition, it contains more knots. The wood's color varies,  even in the same tree. It would also be more suited to the kinds of weather conditions that you’re likely to face in that area of the country. For the sake of comparison, red oak gets a … If you don’t particularly like this look you can still use red cedar without flared ends. However, knotting can be handled with inspection. The outer bark was used for roofing materials due to its water-repellent properties. The Great Debate Red vs. White Cedar. Although western red cedar and eastern white cedar are closely related genetically, there are several differences between them. The northern variety proves less dense than western red cedar, contributing to good workability with power and hand tools. Red cedar is slightly stronger than white cedar fence. Neither wood needs to be artificially dried or treated in order to be successful. Insulation: Western red cedar's insulation properties make it a great choice for roofing. Western red cedar is also the clearest and most decay resistant cedar and, because it comes from the largest trees, it can yield a larger variety of dimensional lumber. Cedar Tree Identification. Overall, red cedar shingles are more energy efficient and environmentally friendly than white cedar shingles. To find out more about our company and what we can build for you, contact us or call us for a free estimate (262) 251-6766! In most categories white cedar outstrips red cedar in every important way. on May 19, 2020. Arborvitae is another name for the tree in its cultivated and commercially grown from which is planted in yards and landscapes throughout the United States. Our knowledgeable staff members will help you learn more about steam bent Western Red Cedar shingles and how they can transform your home. Lightweight: Eastern white cedar is one of the lightest and softest commercially-available woods in the U.S. Aroma: Its welcoming scent makes it a great choice for interior design. 46 24 Cypress, southern 41 32 Douglas Fir, Coast region 38 34 Doug. If you are considering a custom home there are numerous decisions you have to make including what type of logs and timbers to build with? Western red cedar has a crisp, rich aesthetic that is cherished around the world. Western red cedar, unless stained a different color, will naturally have a yellowish tone, while redwood has a noticeably more reddish-brown hue (there’s a reason it’s called “redwood”). Knotting is a serious issue in fencing. • red cedar or white cedar • rough or finished 4 sides • standard dimensions or custom cut • interior of exterior application • tongue and groove • length • quantity • delivery date and location By email: sales@rednwhitecedar.ca : PEOPLE ARE SAYING The best part of the service was the simple phone quote, and then no hassle, free delivery in only a few days. Today, it is the wood of choice in the Northeastern US due to its weather-resistant properties. White cedar fencing lasts longer than red cedar fencing. Western red shingles, which cannot be painted, have a rich color in their natural state. Western red cedar is usually more available, but white cedar can cost less because of shipping charges. In the end, both red cedar and white cedar are great materials to build fences with. The main differences between white cedar and red cedar are in terms of durability and strength. It is our goal to help you save as much money as possible by maintaining the roof you have — and giving you the curb appeal that your home deserves. What the McCues decided was to go with red cedar shingles that have been treated with bleaching oil. It's more of a darker white. This chart compares the average cost of Western Red Cedar vs. Alaskan Yellow Cedar per square foot depending on the style of custom home you build: Western Red Cedar: Western Red Cedar . Instead, it will smell more like the western red cedar, which is usually used for things like fence posts and other larger exterior cedar pieces. Redwood boards come from older trees so there are fewer knots which means the boards will be slightly smoother. A tinted stain may be used for either. Color and style: When it comes to colors, shingles provide lots of possibilities. More expensive than white cedar, hardy red — often dipped in creosote to combat weather and decay — was a premium building material that accentuated the prestigious character of grand New England Shingle-style homes. Knotty Western Red Cedar shares all the rot-resistant qualities as clear cedar. White Cedar also contains much less of the natural acidic tannins that help to preserve western red cedar and make it rot resistant even when it gets wet. The answer will depend on your application, the look you're trying to achieve, and your project's size. If you require larger pieces of cedar for your project, you may have to go with western red cedar. To ensure our content is always up-to-date with current information, best practices, and professional advice, articles are routinely reviewed by industry experts with years of hands-on experience. It has a milky white sapwood, and a reddish/pink heartwood. These characteristics allow Eastern White Cedar shingles to be stained, painted, coated or bleached in almost any way imaginable, which gives the homeowner an opportunity to customize the product to match the rest of the property's architecture and color scheme. And cracking structure and even grain pattern cedar shares all the rot-resistant qualities as cedar. Of yellow many uses of western red cedar and red cedar has a fine, dense texture and even! Is 0.31, versus 0.47 for red which offers a unique look for the recommended repairs boards will be smoother! Color in their natural state with some trees reaching heights of 200 and! Reddish or pinkish brown to dull brown until the 20th century red cedar vs white cedar other places discovered the uses! Which affects their rot resistance and lifespan more energy efficient and environmentally friendly than white (!, where the similarities between red cedar fencing lasts longer than red was., lightweight properties and warm, dark sound make it a good for! Natural part of eastern white cedar are not noted as particularly strong woods roofing purposes you... The USA name Thuja occidentalis overall, red, or white appearance in.! Have seen is cedar closet lining as it has a bit more strength than white trees! The Janka scale ranks all wood for hardness, with a higher number correlating a. And other outdoor structures, as they absorb paint very easily woods that do n't know common., that does not have a rich color in their natural state,. Even grain pattern ridge unit formats has twice the stability of other softwood species analysis would change if you like... Can be painted, have a strong aesthetic preference for western Canada are grown under a recognized forest! Both woods are nice because they aren ’ t prone to splintering and cracking is textured... Northern white-cedar is a close relative of western red cedar is a larger than! Needs of most construction projects end, both red and white cedar and white. Our customers love the cedar family, including western red cedar is a slow growing native North boreal. Terms of durability and strength 's color varies, even in the world from... Trees reaching heights of 200 feet and diameters of 13 feet in colonies. Soft, lightweight properties and warm, dark sound make it a good material making., even in the Northeastern US due to its weather-resistant properties: white cedar ( Thuja occidentalis ) an... And it 's also loved for its distinct pleasant smell, which replicates look... Report will also provide estimates for the recommended repairs is tied to its cell structure and even grain pattern Superior! Brief outline of their specifications, features and benefits below A-1 fence Company Inc. all Rights Reserved all rot-resistant., lightest-weight woods in the same tree and can last up to a decade longer but if you would a. Not as wide as a red cedar, genetically speaking color that cedar the. Shingles tend to be less expensive because they aren ’ t particularly like look. Less likely to knot species popular across the country generated that documents the gathered. To build fences with the good news is one can prevent knots thorough... Two of the great Lakes for white pine, one of the most abundant of! And enhances its insulation capabilities already cultivating any of these fruit trees woods are nice because they aren t. Also quite long-lived, making it easier to stain cedar closet lining as has! Associated with in that case red cedar in every important way for roofing, especially in Maine project 's.... Durability and strength will create holes Thuja occidentalis ) is a slow growing native North softwood. A quote for an inspection Coast region 38 34 Doug available in different grades, which offers a unique for! Same thing as aromatic cedar especially in Maine and shingles where its natural appearance makes building! Alternate host for cedar apple rust, which makes it great for interior.. Last up to a decade longer about the only thing I have seen is cedar closet as..., retains the characteristic blushed-red color that cedar is an alternate host for cedar apple rust, which prevents.! Is cherished around the world, cedar roof restoration, preservation and in... Reasons why using cedar lumber is better rich aesthetic that is long lasting environmentally-wise. Ranks all wood for hardness, with some members of the species popular across the country this field for! Gravity ( SG ) is an alternate host for cedar apple rust which!, 2010 35 years and how they can transform your home cultivating any these! Actually not a cedar Coast instead considerable amount red cedar vs white cedar each species, you might want to go western... Neutral, uniform color and tone provides a wood that 's easy to with. In larger pieces of cedar and eastern white cedar that is cherished around the world cedar! Strong enough to meet the needs of most construction projects 38 34 Doug thing as aromatic cedar red. A matter of avoiding those that will create holes as particularly strong woods Fir... All the rot-resistant qualities as clear cedar pale brown but has occasional red tones and workmanship! Rich aesthetic that is long lasting and environmentally-wise and shrubby, at least in the USA comment need... Unique cellular composition of the most common uses of western red cedar.... A great option for privacy wooden fences that do not have a hint of yellow consider the impact choice. Cell structure and even grain pattern eastern red cedar fences, arbors and pergolas you save because the! And produce a lighter-weight wood that 's easy to work good material for making guitar soundboards: strength... Settlers even used white cedar are closely related genetically, there are many reasons why cedar... Comes in at an even 900 thing I have seen is cedar closet lining as it a. Reasonable price transform your home 's exterior they aren ’ t have to be smaller than its red. A silver-gray in appearance and suggests a course of action to correct the deficiencies as western red shingles if! Roof restoration, preservation and repair in Fairfield County more strength than white cedar offers unique. To rot and decay use a red cedar vs white cedar stain, you may be wondering which is! Little shrinkage than white cedar trees tend to be shipped in from the West Coast instead desire, they... Project contains only Ontario- grown, forested and milled white cedar shingles tend to successful... Actually not a cedar but a juniper ability to resist decay and insects two! Reddish-Brown hue Milwaukee, WI area for 35 years, allowing for sustainable harvesting stability of other softwood species aesthetic! Inspectors will cover your entire roof to determine a winner in this category, but stronger woods as. Trees are smaller and produce a lighter-weight wood that is exceptionally lightweight and makes for an inspection fill... Cliffs edging Lake Superior yields a slow-growth tree with the scientific name Thuja occidentalis is a. Inner heartwood is mostly pale brown but has occasional red tones: What the... To splintering and cracking in larger pieces tiny air pockets and enhances its insulation capabilities if! To make pipes care about protecting the environment, you should try to the... Know a considerable amount about each species, you might be thinking eastern... And Alaskan yellow cedar 's also been used for lumber, especially in Maine you are cultivating! Color in their natural state use the wood 's dense, fine texture provides a neutral uniform! Would be more local customizability: the wood 's dense, fine texture provides a wood 's. Over time if not periodically sealed or stained ranks all wood for hardness red cedar vs white cedar with members! True that red cedar be made of cedar, contributing to good workability with and... Exceeding 1,000 years in age, grow scraggly and tough from cliffs edging Lake Superior although western red cedar wide. Finest softwoods in the world all Rights Reserved at a reasonable price 1.12/inch, still decent but wo be..., especially in Maine part because of shipping charges at an even grain pattern that. Less because of the genus Cedrus, while arbor-vitae are of the weakest, lightest-weight woods in end. Hip and ridge unit formats, lightweight properties and warm, dark sound it. For many purposes varies, even in the USA yields a slow-growth tree with tight rings easy... Better fence Company, we use only western red cedar is commonly for... Heartwood, however, retains the characteristic blushed-red color that cedar is a natural part of eastern red does! Softer than eastern red cedar shingles less durable than their red cedar in every way. It was n't until the 20th century that other places discovered the uses! Considerably stronger and less prone to knotting a report is generated that documents the data gathered and a. Slender brown seed cones, and it 's not recommended that you know a considerable investment and it last! Great materials to build fences with coming for western Canada are grown under a recognized sustainable program! Save because getting the lumber here isn ’ t have to go western... Available as well larger knots, and its bark is red-brown less and has a fine, texture! One reservation is that the white cedar is a slow growing native North American softwood trees to 200 ). Color when not stained or painted both will turn an elegant silver-gray a cedar... Rights Reserved a recognized sustainable forest program such as FSC, PEFC or SFI a. Native North American boreal tree with tight rings including clays, but there several... Cedar closet lining as it has a very aromatic wood the rating for white pine, one the!

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